Ordre politique et gouvernement urbain

Abstract : This dissertation offers a rereading of the main research works and theoretical models focusing on urban institutions and on urban regulation, that have for long belonged to the area of studies concerning “local government”. The aim here is to underline the difficulties faced as soon as power among cities is analysed without systematically comparing it to the functioning of the central State. Despite these difficulties, analysing processes of regulation among cities has become a perfectly legitimate area of study. Today, such is indeed the ambition of numerous research projects. Nevertheless, a great number of these research projects refer to new forms of urban accountability that must be taken into account in the study of contemporary urban government. They state the current evolution of regulation processes. This approach is discussed from a socio-historic perspective. Based on both past and contemporary illustrations, this dissertation thus offers an analysis of urban government and of municipal representatives' ability to regulate urban societies thanks to what they say, what they do and the sources of legitimacy that they claim. A reflection on urban political order is finally proposed.
This dissertation is based on empirical research works respectively focusing on municipal reform during the first part of the twentieth century, the spreading of administrative knowledge, the building of city networks and the links between electoral and public action agendas. These research works all bring up the discussion of the centre-periphery model. The interactions between the centre (that is to say the central State) and the periphery (that is to say urban governments) are studied not only in relation to the growth of city governments, but also in relation to the ability of some public actors, more precisely some leaders, to shape and influence institutions.
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Habilitation à diriger des recherches
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Renaud Payre. Ordre politique et gouvernement urbain. Science politique. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2008. ⟨tel-00286432⟩

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