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« De la pierre à la meule » durant le Néolithique, circulation et gestion des matières premières entre Rhin et Rhône

Abstract : The goal of this work is to understand the management of heavy stone tools, first from supply of the raw material to the moment the tool is discarded. This study is based on the artefacts of three palafittic settlements: Chalain/Clairvaux (Jura), Charavines « Les Baigneurs » (Isère) and Sutz-Lattrigen « Riedstation » (Switzerland). The first line of research is chronological and is best applied to the Combe d'Ain limestone region. In the case of the “back-and-forth” mill, the choice of the raw material differs greatly between the Middle and Late Neolithic. During the earlier period the raw material is exclusively local whereas in the later period it is imported. For the Late Neolithic these tools are treated differently according to their origin. Siliceous stones, imported from more than 50 km, seem to have an important economic value. The clearest indication of evolution is the reorientation of the supply network, which would be consistent with cultural changes. Polishing tools, consisting mostly of fine-grained sandstone, do not vary during the Late Neolithic and some outcrops (20 km from the village) were already exploited during the Middle Neolithic. A constant between 3200 and 2600 BC is that tools were always used until to their end. The second line of research deals with the spatial spread of the heavy stone tools. On lake-dwelling their interpretation is very complex. “Back-and-forth” mill nevertheless seem to be used either in front of the house or at the entrance. There is possibly an evolution of the place of grinding activity from the outside to inside of the house, indicating an evolution of social practices during the Late Neolithic.
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Contributor : Annabelle Milleville <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 22, 2008 - 9:39:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 10:06:02 AM
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Annabelle Milleville. « De la pierre à la meule » durant le Néolithique, circulation et gestion des matières premières entre Rhin et Rhône. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université de Franche-Comté, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00281525⟩

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