Contribution à l'étude de la céramique islamique : analyse du matériel archéologique de RAHBA - MAYADIN (Syrie, vallée de l'Euphrate)

Abstract : The synthese of the work done on the sites of Mayadin and Rahba, from 1976 to 1979, field and ceramics studies, confirm the textual informations. The town of Rahba, near the river, has been built at the abbassid time, during the first half of the IXth century. The abandon of this first town happend at the time when the textes only notice the citadel and his defensiv function, against the mongols invasions. The evolution of the second town of Rahba, near the plateau, is closely related to the activity of the citadel.
The period of the Xth-XIth centuries, not well known on others sites, is well represented at Rahba. A ceramic kiln is the main illustration of it. The study of the products shown persian influences. The repartition, in the middle Euphrates valley, correspond to the territory ruled by the Mirdasids, during the time Rahba was independent.
For the period of the end of the XIth to the XIIIth century, the plans of the buildings are interesting : at the seljoukid - zankid times, the houses, of square shape, are organised around a central courtyard onto which opened iwans. Theses plans are very closes to afghans houses at the same time. Their evolution at the ayyoubid time reflects the wish of adapting the housing to an increase of the population.
The big building partly excavated at the foot of the citadel, in the second town of Rahba, is a good example of public architecture, probably a mosque.
Finaly, the analyse of the place of Rahba inside the different areas of ceramics repartition, through the ages, shows the evolution of economical exchanges in the middle Euphrates valley and the importance of the successiv géopolitical groups.
Document type :
Theses
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00280710
Contributor : Marie-Odile Rousset <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 19, 2008 - 3:27:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 3, 2019 - 1:06:56 AM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, May 28, 2010 - 5:43:07 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00280710, version 1

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Marie-Odile Rousset. Contribution à l'étude de la céramique islamique : analyse du matériel archéologique de RAHBA - MAYADIN (Syrie, vallée de l'Euphrate). Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 1997. Français. ⟨tel-00280710⟩

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