Scene Understanding: perception, multi-sensor fusion, spatio-temporal reasoning and activity recognition

Abstract : Scene understanding is the process, often real time, of perceiving, analysing and elaborating an interpretation of a 3D dynamic scene observed through a network of sensors. This process consists mainly in matching signal information coming from sensors observing the scene with models which humans are using to understand the scene. Based on that, scene understanding is both adding and extracting semantic from the sensor data characterizing a scene. This scene can contain a number of physical objects of various types (e.g. people, vehicle) interacting with each others or with their environment (e.g. equipment) more or less structured. The scene can last few instants (e.g. the fall of a person) or few months (e.g. the depression of a person), can be limited to a laboratory slide observed through a microscope or go beyond the size of a city. Sensors include usually cameras (e.g. omni directional, infrared), but also may include microphones and other sensors (e.g. optical cells, contact sensors, physiological sensors, radars, smoke detectors). Scene understanding is influenced by cognitive vision and it requires at least the melding of three areas: computer vision, cognition and software engineering. Scene understanding can achieve four levels of generic computer vision functionality of detection, localisation, recognition and understanding. But scene understanding systems go beyond the detection of visual features such as corners, edges and moving regions to extract information related to the physical world which is meaningful for human operators. Its requirement is also to achieve more robust, resilient, adaptable computer vision functionalities by endowing them with a cognitive faculty: the ability to learn, adapt, weigh alternative solutions, and develop new strategies for analysis and interpretation. The key characteristic of a scene understanding system is its capacity to exhibit robust performance even in circumstances that were not foreseen when it was designed. Furthermore, a scene understanding system should be able to anticipate events and adapt its operation accordingly. Ideally, a scene understanding system should be able to adapt to novel variations of the current environment to generalize to new context and application domains and interpret the intent of underlying behaviours to predict future configurations of the environment, and to communicate an understanding of the scene to other systems, including humans. Related but different domains are robotic, where systems can interfere and modify their environment, and multi-media document analysis (e.g. video retrieval), where limited contextual information is available.
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Habilitation à diriger des recherches
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00275889
Contributor : Francois Bremond <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 25, 2008 - 3:53:43 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 24, 2018 - 3:48:06 PM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, May 28, 2010 - 5:45:51 PM

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François Bremond. Scene Understanding: perception, multi-sensor fusion, spatio-temporal reasoning and activity recognition. Computer Science [cs]. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2007. ⟨tel-00275889⟩

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