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Analyse de sensibilité déterministe pour la simulation numérique du transfert de contaminants

Abstract : The questions of safety and uncertainty are central to feasibility studies for an underground nuclear waste storage site, in particular the evaluation of uncertainties about safety indicators which are due to uncertainties concerning properties of the subsoil or of the contaminants. The global approach through probabilistic Monte Carlo methods gives good results, but it requires a large number of simulations. The deterministic method investigated here is complementary. Based on the Singular Value Decomposition of the derivative of the model, it gives only local information, but it is much less demanding in computing time. The flow model follows Darcy's law and the transport of radionuclides around the storage site follows a linear convection-diffusion equation. Manual and automatic differentiation are compared for these models using direct and adjoint modes. A comparative study of both probabilistic and deterministic approaches for the sensitivity analysis of fluxes of contaminants through outlet channels with respect to variations of input parameters is carried out with realistic data provided by ANDRA. Generic tools for sensitivity analysis and code coupling are developed in the Caml language. The user of these generic platforms has only to provide the specific part of the application in any language of his choice. We also present a study about two-phase air/water partially saturated flows in hydrogeology concerning the limitations of the Richards approximation and of the global pressure formulation used in petroleum engineering.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00271632
Contributor : Estelle Marchand <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 10, 2008 - 1:38:40 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 25, 2018 - 12:02:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 21, 2010 - 4:31:46 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00271632, version 2

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Estelle Marchand. Analyse de sensibilité déterministe pour la simulation numérique du transfert de contaminants. Mathématiques [math]. Université Paris Dauphine - Paris IX, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00271632v2⟩

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