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ETUDE ET ANALYSE DES MODES DE DEFAILLANCES DES CONDENSATEURS ELECTROLYTIQUES A L'ALUMINIUM ET DES THYRISTORS, APPLIQUEES AU SYSTEME DE PROTECTION DU LHC (LARGE HADRON COLLIDER)

Abstract : The study presented in this thesis is a contribution about the analysis of failures modes of electrolytic capacitors and thyristors. The studied components are main elements of the protection system of the superconductive magnets of the LHC. The study of the ageing of the electrolytic capacitors has shown that their reliability is strongly related to their technological characteristic. Evolution of their principal indicator of ageing (ESR) can be modeled according to different laws chosen according to their running mode. It appears that the prediction of failure of these components other than that due to wear can be only statistical taking into account the many causes of failure involving various modes of failure. In order to be able to evaluate influence of the ageing of the electrolytic capacitors on a system, simple models taking into account this parameters as well as the effective temperature of the component are proposed. An acceptable precision taking into account the simplicity of the models is obtained. The study of the thyristors has shown that these components have little drift of parameters in static ageing, on the other hand of many failures by short-circuit were observed. These failures always have a local origin, and are due to defects of the components. The breakdown voltage strongly depends on the quality of the thyristor as well as the technology employed.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00268354
Contributor : Frederic Perisse <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 31, 2008 - 6:12:51 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 1, 2020 - 2:44:13 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00268354, version 1

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Frédéric Perisse. ETUDE ET ANALYSE DES MODES DE DEFAILLANCES DES CONDENSATEURS ELECTROLYTIQUES A L'ALUMINIUM ET DES THYRISTORS, APPLIQUEES AU SYSTEME DE PROTECTION DU LHC (LARGE HADRON COLLIDER). Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00268354⟩

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