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Caractéristiques des langues et apprentissage de la lecture en langue première et en français langue seconde : perspective évolutive et comparative entre l'arabe et le portugais

Abstract : First, this crosslinguistic study aimed to investigate graphophonological, grapho-morphological and grapho-syntactical implicit and explicit knowledge development and the contribution of this knowledge to reading in vocalised Arabic and Portuguese mother tongue. Results indicate that Arabic pupils focus on root/pattern morpho-derivational structure, more than on inflected cues, whereas Portuguese pupils show a phonological sensitivity to rime and syllable but also better knowledge about inflexional than derivational morphology. Moreover, whatever mother tongue we studied, morphological knowledge plays a role on written words recognition, when more decontextualized knowledge occurs mainly in Arabic. The grapho-morpho-derivational knowledge contribution in Arabic reading comprehension accentuates the significance of morphology in this written language. Lastly, reading comprehension seems to be more dependent from automatised processes in Portuguese because of its relatively irregular orthography. The second aim of this research was to study the role of reading acquisition in mother tongue (Arabic vs. Portuguese) on learning to read in French as a second language. Comparisons allow to conclude that the special status of morphology in Arabic can conduct learners to pay attention on internal structure of French words in order to read it. In the other hand, similarity between Portuguese and French facilitates the development of graphophonological sensitivity and emphasises the symmetry between first and second language reading words skills. French second language reading comprehension profiles and their development are also very different between Arabic and Portuguese speakers.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00267662
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Submitted on : Friday, March 28, 2008 - 9:30:22 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 3:35:50 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 20, 2010 - 10:37:07 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00267662, version 1

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Anne-Sophie Besse. Caractéristiques des langues et apprentissage de la lecture en langue première et en français langue seconde : perspective évolutive et comparative entre l'arabe et le portugais. Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00267662⟩

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