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Theses

Les implications de l'Accord de l'OMC sur les Aspects de Droits de Propriété Intellectuelle qui touchent au Commerce (ADPIC) sur l'accès aux médicaments en Afrique subsaharienne

Abstract : Incentive to research and development (R&D), innovation and price are central in the issue of accessibility to medicine in developing countries in general and in Sub-Saharan countries in particular. This thesis aims at assessing in which way the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is conducive to innovation without hampering accessibility to medicines in those countries. This thesis goes back to the origins of the Agreement, analyzes its dynamics and examines its retrospective effects on national laws, bilateral, regional and multilateral agreements. It seems ultimately difficult to share the optimism of the advocates of the reinforcement and harmonization of intellectual property protection. The profits of innovation are far from being proven. These innovations haven't resulted in any quantitative or qualitative increase of new molecules against type I and II diseases which are rampant among poor countries' as well as rich countries' populations. Furthermore, they haven't stimulated the research and development expenditures devoted to type III diseases, which are rampant in poor countries. In other respects, full access to medicines is thwarted. The decrease of financial accessibility resulting from higher prices is not compensated by the rise of qualitative accessibility. Eventually, the pernicious effects are accumulating. We put forward some alternative and further proposals for the reinforcement of the pharmaceutical patent protection advocated by the TRIPS Agreement.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 27, 2008 - 10:48:42 AM
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Aboubakry Gollock. Les implications de l'Accord de l'OMC sur les Aspects de Droits de Propriété Intellectuelle qui touchent au Commerce (ADPIC) sur l'accès aux médicaments en Afrique subsaharienne. Economies et finances. Université Pierre Mendès-France - Grenoble II, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00267310⟩

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