Abstract : After the period of military occupation (1945-1949), the French cultural services in Germany tried to move away from the specific policy forms of the occupation while maintaining the exceptional character of successful achievements. The relations between the services in Germany and their Parisian overseeing institution, the DGRC, lead, beyond the continuity of their efforts, and in spite of their tensions and conflicts, to their innovative practices being reinvested in the general French foreign cultural policy. At the same time, the French cultural policy was becoming more standardized. Such a duality between the two dimensions of action is also found when one examines the actors involved. Besides the group with the traditional profile of teachers usually engaged in the diffusion of French culture, one finds a smaller group with more uncommon trajectories whose strength has lied essentially in their capacity to amplify the echo of their action by working with the networks of intellectuals engaged in reconciling France and Germany. While the traditional mediators, the Germanists , only take part incidentally, the culture professionals mobilized on the field reinvest their German experience in their subsequent activities and end up imposing themselves as the new specialists of Germany. The distinction between the two groups has repercussions on the evolution of the discourse about contemporary Germany. The retrenchment of the Germanists on the issues of literary history open the way for the non Germanists to assert their position as specialists. This leads to the production of a new image of the country, breaking away from with the categories of explanation of the previous decades, privileging the image of a model democracy restricted to the federal Republic only.