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La psukhê et les phrenes sont malades. Représentations du délire à l'époque classique (VIe-IIIe)

Abstract : Doctors and biologists of the classical period, either being from Hippocrates or Aristotle, describe and explain the alterations of reasoning on a physiological point of view and try to establish a typology of troubles affecting the psukhê and phrenes by distinguishing various and specific pathologies such as mania, epilepsy and melancholy. Method and reasoning lead to rationality; they may seem opposite to the Platonist dissertation and to the descriptions of the tragedy which give a divine origin to reason troubles. According to Plato, mania, either being erotic, poetic, mantic or telestic is shown as a benefit for those who are attached by it, whereas in the tragedy, reason troubles are describe as an alteration of phrenes and connecting to suffering and to destruction. This documentary corpus emphasizes that madness is polymorphous and that there is no united representation of delirium. Therefore, between them, agreements exist in the fields of description of symptoms of some affections, especially of mania, like the vocabulary being used to explain the reason troubles. It seems that these dissertations were born of a basis of common beliefs of which they develop a specific appearance, allowing to restore a representation of ordinary madness, representation incomplete and defective indeed, but that tries to be as near as possible to sociocultural realities and to mentalities of that period
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 26, 2008 - 4:31:06 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 26, 2018 - 2:43:23 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00267188, version 1

Citation

Gwenaëlle Le Person. La psukhê et les phrenes sont malades. Représentations du délire à l'époque classique (VIe-IIIe). Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00267188⟩

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