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Ville, transports et environnement. Contributions relatives des paramètres du trafic routier affectant la pollution sonore et atmosphérique en milieu urbain

Abstract : Motorised road traffic - cars and lorries together - and its related nuisances increase regularly : land occupation, eviction of other activities and types of mobility, safety issues, congestion, noise and atmospheric pollution... In France, the road traffic increase was 50% over 15 years - from 320 billions of vehicles kilometers in 1980 to 487 in 1994. The urban part of this traffic follows the same trend, accounting for 27 to 28% of all.
The two principal aims of this theses are, on one hand, the evaluation of the share of road traffic in noise and atmospheric pollution in cities and, in the other hand, the evaluation of respective shares of the main characteristics of the traffic in its own emissions (total trafic - ie. veh.km -, state of the congestion, technological characteristics of the vehicles).
Two methodological ways are used. Firstly, a general approach of the social and economic context - but also technical and scientific - gives an idea of the stakes. Secondly, a specific tool is developped to show the influences of the 3 characteristics of the traffic on emissions. We use an assigment model applied to Lyon in 1990, 1994, 2000 and 2010.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 26, 2008 - 4:16:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 12:21:53 PM
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Jean-Pierre Nicolas. Ville, transports et environnement. Contributions relatives des paramètres du trafic routier affectant la pollution sonore et atmosphérique en milieu urbain. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 1996. Français. ⟨tel-00267185⟩

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