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Urbanisation et Croissance des Villes en Chine

Abstract : This dissertation studies urbanization and city growth in China. It is composed of tow parts. The first part begins with a review of theoretic models of urbanization in development economics, and then describes stylised facts of China's urbanization process. Problems of urban population measures, the unique industrialization strategies as well as institutional changes that determine urban growth are examined. The second part studies the link between city growth and agglomeration economies. The concept of agglomeration economies is clarified before we carry out empirical tests with a panel of about 150 Chinese cities in the 1990s. Then, the evolution of China's city size distribution is examined using different analysis approaches such as Zipf's law, Markov transition matrix. Finally, we estimate the determinants of city growth in the 1990s.
Our finding suggests that urbanization process had been delayed in China, due to particular strategies of industrialisation (heavy industry bias before the reforms and rural industrialization after the reforms) and incomplete features of factor markets (labour and land); in particular, restrictive policies make that cities are not large enough to exploit gains related to agglomeration economies. With the deepening of its economic reforms, China would continue its structural transition from rural to urban society, and urban growth would be one of the driving forces of China's economic growth. Policies aimed at promoting urbanization and growth should consist in relaxing the restrictions on city size, establishing complete product and factor market, and improving urban governance, especially the provision of urban infrastructures.
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Contributor : Agnès Carcenac <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 26, 2008 - 9:26:56 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 19, 2018 - 2:21:18 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, May 21, 2010 - 12:52:54 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00266936, version 1


Zelai Xu. Urbanisation et Croissance des Villes en Chine. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008CLF10306⟩. ⟨tel-00266936⟩



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