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L'identité au miroir du tourisme. Usages et enjeux des politiques de tourisme culturel

Abstract : This thesis examines the symbolic dimensions belonging to the politics of cultural and patrimonial tourism. It is founded on multisited investigations (the city and the village of Touraine, as well the Congress of Tourism). The research is also based on the study of institutional and promotional literature at the local, national, European and international levels. Since cultural tourism is already marginal from a financial standpoint and even its own idiom is too restrictive, it can not embody the complex trends in tourism. Consequently, I do not consider cultural tourism to be a sector of tourism but rather an institutional concept and I question its semantic success. The doctrine of cultural tourism instituted by international institutions is presented as the good influx, opposed to mass tourism. For professionals in the fields of culture and tourism, cultural tourism conventions and exhibitions constitute a commonplace for producing and diffusing communication standards and exposure. In order to attract tourism, the communities create networks, rename their territory, adapt History, and manufacture identifying images. My thesis demonstrates that the politics of cultural tourism are driven by recognition using an alterity, effective by virtue of its abstractness. The alterity of tourism is artificial and normative as the identities represented. However, some people manage to poach the images produced to invent their community. This research also evokes the ambiguous relations between tourism and ethnography. Ultimately, I suggest enlightening this blind spot in order to redeem a political anthropology of tourism.
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Contributor : Saskia Cousin <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 24, 2008 - 5:47:15 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, January 3, 2021 - 4:38:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 20, 2010 - 9:23:11 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00266547, version 1


Saskia Cousin. L'identité au miroir du tourisme. Usages et enjeux des politiques de tourisme culturel. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), 2003. Français. ⟨tel-00266547⟩



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