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ETUDE ANTHROPOLOGIQUE DES RESTES HUMAINS DE NAZLET KHATER (PALEOLITHIQUE SUPERIEUR, EGYPTE)

Abstract : The Nazlet Khater 2 skeleton has been discovered in 1980 during the excavations of the Belgian Middle Egypt Prehistoric Project in the Nile Valley (Egypt). Its association with the Early Upper Paleolithic chert mining site of Nazlet Khater 4 (whose exploitation period range from 35 to 40 Ka) makes it the oldest complete OIS 3 modern human skeleton in northern Africa. The Nazlet Khater 2 remains belong to a young adult male. It is well preserved with the exception of the distal part of the legs and the foot. Comparative analyses of the specimen underline the complex morphology of modern human from this time period. NK 2 exhibits several retained archaic features notably on the face and the mandible. The inner ear structures display morphological characteristics that stand on the fringe of extant human variation. The postcranial remains have strong musular insertions and are adapted to high biomechanical strength. Furthermore, Nazlet Khater 2 has vertebral and membral lesions. All of this might be related to intensive mining activities. The study of this specimen provides an opportunity to increase our understanding of modern human variation during this time period (OIS 3) for which very rare human remains are known.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 21, 2008 - 3:32:42 PM
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Isabelle Crevecoeur. ETUDE ANTHROPOLOGIQUE DES RESTES HUMAINS DE NAZLET KHATER (PALEOLITHIQUE SUPERIEUR, EGYPTE). Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux I, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00266294⟩

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