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Penser à l'échelle du Monde. Histoire conceptuelle de la mondialisation en géographie (fin du XIXe siècle/entre-deux-guerres)

Abstract : In my dissertation, I analyze the emergence of the concept of globalization in French geography (with a few insights into German, English, and American geography) between the end of 19th century and the interwar period. Although it is generally admitted that geography has been devoted until recently to the study of medium-sized areas, I show that geographers have been interested in various aspects of globalization for a long time. But how did they describe and conceptualize these facts? In order to answer this question, it is worth studying the main world objects (Part 2) which have been progressively taken into account by geographers (world economy, world network, world power...), as well as the experience of the world (Part 3) that has made possible this scientific integration (world closure, unification and division...). Even before the First World War, the emergence of notions such as the solidarity between nations points to the idea of a single world-space. Although it has often been assumed that globalization was ebbing after the First World War, my analysis of the geographical discourse of the time shows that the war itself and the crisis of the 30s were two key moments which allowed geographers to realize just how profound the world's interdependence was. We should therefore see globalization not only as an actual process of interdependence creation, but also as a vision of the world, a cosmology – which certainly doesn't fade in times of crisis. This historical research contributes to a geographical definition of globalization, and sheds new light on the foundations of the concept of the world as World, which is quintessential to any study of globalization. That is why the final part of my thesis offers a comparative investigation of the geographical ways of thinking the earth/world as a Whole.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00261467
Contributor : Jean-Baptiste Arrault <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 7, 2008 - 10:36:33 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:37:43 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 20, 2010 - 8:42:12 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00261467, version 1

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Jean-Baptiste Arrault. Penser à l'échelle du Monde. Histoire conceptuelle de la mondialisation en géographie (fin du XIXe siècle/entre-deux-guerres). Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00261467⟩

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