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La qualité de l'emploi : une perspective européenne

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to analyse the employment quality in Europe and to discuss the indicators of job quality of the European Employment Strategy. We establish a theoretical framework based on labour economics theories and happiness economics approaches. The first ones are useful, but offer partial approaches of job quality. On the contrary, the second ones allow developing an integrated framework based on job satisfaction and workers preferences. The accuracy of this criterion is discussed in this thesis. Job satisfaction determinants and workers preferences are analysed thanks to international opinion surveys. There are some similarities in Europe, but workers preferences are heterogeneous among countries. This heterogeneity can be explained by the population structure, the economic and institutional context and cultural specificities. These theoretical and empirical analyses sustain our macroeconomic criteria of job quality, based on four fundamental dimensions: socio-economic security, skills and training, working conditions, gender equality and work-life balance. The empirical analysis of these criteria confirms that the heterogeneous performances are related to institutions, and corresponds to usual typologies. In a longitudinal perspective, these clusters have been stable for two decades, but partial convergences are observable.
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Contributor : Lucie Label <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 21, 2008 - 1:48:49 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:27 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00258237, version 1



Lucie Davoine. La qualité de l'emploi : une perspective européenne. Economies et finances. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00258237⟩



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