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Theses

Normes fondamentales du travail et développement économique

Abstract : This thesis analyses the linkages between core labour standards and economic development. We have seen demand for labor standards rise with the globalization process. Until now, the debate has focused largely on the link between labor standards and international trade. We propose here to focus on the situation of developing countries and the influence of core labour standards on their level of development. First, we propose two original indexes allowing the measurement of the effective level of core labor standards for a large sample of countries. Second, we show that, by and large, countries with higer labor standards have a higher steady-state level of per-capita income, even when we control for the endogeneity of labour standards. Third, we present the empirical evidences of a “Social Kuznets curve” with a non-linear relation between core labour standards and income inequalities. Finally, we propose a theoretical framework on the effects of core labor standards in a dual economy, based on the Harris-Todaro model. We show that, under certain conditions, labor standards may increase the level of formal employment and reduce the level of unemployment. We do study too the situations where we can observe a Todaro paradox. If we show that labor standards can have a positive influence on development, it would possible to define new policies assimilating labor standards as a Global Public Good.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 21, 2008 - 1:36:21 PM
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Rémi Bazillier. Normes fondamentales du travail et développement économique. Economies et finances. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00258230⟩

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