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Les politiques régionales à l'épreuve du développement numérique : enjeux, stratégies et impacts

Abstract : Considering the liberalization of the telecommunications sector and the decentralization of local competences, the digital development appears as a new “challenge” for local authorities concerned by territorial competition. Regions can consider this trial like an opportunity, not only for reinforcing their role among other local authority but also for creating efficient strategies. To answer this hypothesis, the method relies on the study of three French regions: Alsace, Midi-Pyrénées and Picardie.
Based on public documents and scientific articles, we‘ve built the framework in which local authorities defined their ambitions. We've found out that operational prerogatives had split from supranational scales to locales ones. Thus, local authorities get a real legitimacy on both historical, political and regulation ways, because they fill their part of territorial developer and public services provider.
Relying on networks geography, we wondered about the reasons of regional involvement. The topology of broadband Internet networks revealed disparities among networks connectivity, inequities of service coverage (unbundling), and regional main cities' role as technological hubs, at local, national or European level.
From political documents and financial contracts, we've studied the regional strategic canvas in order to define governance models, measure financial and human resources and identify main projects. As a matter of fact, even if strategies' contents differ from one another, they still have the same frame of references according to contractual documents (CPER, DOCUP). As regards as regional position, authorities who are not leader can become partner, regarding three governance models (consolidated control, collaborative leadership, advocacy).
Based on qualitative and quantitative sources, the study finally proposed four “e-indicators” (effectiveness efficiency, affectivity and effort,) in order to estimate regions' role on digital development. Regional authorities' role is not visible yet, even if many regions (not all) already seem to have defined their strategy, their ICT projects and also answer to national and European calls for tender. Human and financial means are under-used, revealing regional authorities' reluctance for facing ICT trial. In fact, strategies' impacts are difficult to value, because of the lack of information, and must be considered as a new subject of investigation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 13, 2008 - 4:50:24 PM
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Charlotte Ullmann. Les politiques régionales à l'épreuve du développement numérique : enjeux, stratégies et impacts. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00255050⟩

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