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Gouverner la ville diffuse. La planification territoriale à l'épreuve.

Abstract : Is it possible to make plans for the harmonious development of the suburban sprawl ? French planning has long suffered from having to deal with too many towns (“communes”). In 1999 and 2000, to tackle the issue of politically fragmented urban areas, the Chevènement, Voynet and Urban renewal and Solidarity (Solidarité et renouvellement ubains, SRU) Acts brought the cooperation between towns (“intercommunalité”) as a way of ruling the urban area into widespread use. The SRU Act has encouraged towns to design territorial cohesion scheme (Schéma de Cohérence Territoriale, SCOT) so as to put together a more compact city.
This study analyses the reasons for this unexpected revival of city planning and show how the cities of Caen, Dijon and Montpellier have put this project into practice.
Two conclusions can be drawn from this research :
- not only has “intercommunalité” improved the management of local affairs, but it has also fostered the creation of a new territorial system that allows state regulations to be adjusted locally ;
- despite better acceptance by local authorities of the idea of sustainable development, the SCOT have failed to achieve the compact city so far. The SCOT have been mistaken in its assessment of the importance of the car in urban transformation, and their authors have often sought consensus prior to efficiency.
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Contributor : Xavier Desjardins <>
Submitted on : Friday, February 8, 2008 - 4:25:31 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:08:31 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00250015, version 1


Xavier Desjardins. Gouverner la ville diffuse. La planification territoriale à l'épreuve.. Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00250015⟩



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