"Administrer Cayenne": Sociabilités, fidélités et pouvoirs des fonctionnaires coloniaux en Guyane française au XVIIIe siècle

Abstract : The history of Civil Service and civil servants has been the privileged ground of the historians of laws for a long time. Though the essential contribution of such brain-works can't be called into question, they have often put human data aside. We have focused our study on the officials appointed in French Guyana during the XVIIIth century at large . Far from concentrating on the apparatus of management, this work sets out to study this corpus like the main State corps and the average officers of the French monarchy. Guided Guy Thuillier's principles, this study intends to benefit from the last decades' epistemological revival through a “new” prosopography. Gathering information from ministry sources enhanced by contemporary chronicles; it is based on the computer processing of files across a database. We intend to include the totality of this staff – from the humblest to the most important – and consider it as an image of the colonial society it governs. This mosaic of individuals and personalities contributes to the constitution of the portrait of the civil officials sent to Guyana in the XVIIIth century. They are the representatives and the performers of French authority in Cayenne. But, far from controls, the temptation of misusing authority is all the stronger as life is difficult over there. The social study is therefore supplemented by the analysis of the balance of power bringing the civil servants into conflict with each other as well as with the inhabitants of the colony. The colonial government shall get normalized as it integrates new forces of opposition: the colonial civil servant of the XIXth century thus appears.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00245846
Contributor : Céline Ronsseray <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 7, 2008 - 2:19:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 29, 2017 - 3:39:36 PM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, May 10, 2010 - 1:07:54 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00245846, version 1

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Céline Ronsseray. "Administrer Cayenne": Sociabilités, fidélités et pouvoirs des fonctionnaires coloniaux en Guyane française au XVIIIe siècle. Histoire. Université de La Rochelle, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00245846⟩

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