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Theses

La cause des femmes dans l'État : Une comparaison France-Québec (1965-2007)

Abstract : This research analyzes the preconditions and forms of women's advocacy within the state, based on a comparative study of the activities of governmental bodies in charge of furthering women's status in France and Quebec since the 1960s. The theoretical framework integrates a comparative and historical sociology of the state with inputs from sociolegal studies, social movements theory and the sociology of gender. The research draws on archives, as well as interviews with the heads and administrations of these governmental bodies. Beyond an analysis of the genesis and institutionalization of women's advocacy within the state, the main focus is on the way « women's cause » is defined in this particular institutional setting. In this respect, based on the comparative analysis of women's policy in France and Quebec, two different definitions of women's cause (or « referentials ») can be identified, the former focusing on equal employment, and the latter on financial autonomy. These differences, in so far as they relate to distinct attitudes towards family issues, can be linked to differences in the relationships between feminism and familialism in each sociohistorical context. Indeed, comparative analysis shows that the context-specific balance of powers and the various relationships that may unfold between women's rights advocates and family values advocates, within and without the state (state agencies, social movements, experts), influence the way women's cause is conceived within the state. First inferred from an analysis of the general directions of women's policy, this influence is then demonstrated based on a more specific study of the strategies developed by women's policy agencies in the legal debates regarding the financial consequences of divorce (alimony, compensatory allowance, definition of the matrimonial regimes).
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00232869
Contributor : Anne Revillard <>
Submitted on : Saturday, February 2, 2008 - 2:33:52 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 15, 2021 - 10:45:39 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 27, 2012 - 5:48:20 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00232869, version 1

Citation

Anne Revillard. La cause des femmes dans l'État : Une comparaison France-Québec (1965-2007). Sociologie. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00232869⟩

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