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Contribution au pilotage des compétences dans les activités de conception : de la modélisation des situations à la caractérisation des compétences.

Abstract : The fast evolutions of customers' requirements, of technologies, organizations, methods and tools in the field of design require that designers are developing their competences in order to maintain or increase the performances of the new product development projects. In this context, managers and designers need tools to help them to improve competence management. Our contribution to these topics is double: on the one hand, a model of the work situations is proposed in order to carry out the traceability of design activities and on the other hand, a fuzzy approach is developed in the aim to characterize competences. For the first stage, a conceptual framework has been proposed. In this framework, the situation is defined as a set of entities that participate with specific roles into various interactions. According to these concepts, an UML model of the design situation was proposed in order to organize the traces of design activities. For the second stage, we have proposed a model of competence including a set of technical knowledge and four kinds of capacities estimated with relative scores. The characterization process involves two steps: the first step concerns the qualifications of the situation characteristics by means of linguistic variables. The second step is realized by a fuzzy logic system which converts the result of the step of "situation qualification" into an estimated value of the components of the associated competence. The application of the method in an industrial context opens further research. It confirms the possibility of using this "principle of solution" to cope with other needs of competence management.
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Farouk Belkadi. Contribution au pilotage des compétences dans les activités de conception : de la modélisation des situations à la caractérisation des compétences.. Automatique / Robotique. Université de Franche-Comté, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00217404⟩

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