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L'infinitif complément d'un verbe, d'un adjectif, d'un nom. Ecriture d'un fragment de grammaire

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to build a piece of French grammar explaining the use of the infinitive syntax within the framework of polychrome tree grammars.
The thesis comprises two parts. The first part studies problems associated with the infinitive.
The infinitive, like a verb, has complements and the component it forms with its complements can in turn be the complement to a verb, a noun or an adjective. Traditional grammars express this as the double nature of an infinitive: it has the properties of a verb and of a noun/ it has both verbal and nominative properties. It is therefore difficult to insert the infinitive syntax into a formal model allowing the use of computational linguistics.
We define the infinitive component as the unit comprising an infinitive verb and its complements. We explain why this term is preferable to “infinitive subordinated proposition”.

The second part examines the syntactic analysis of infinitive components within the framework of polychrome tree grammars and is organized around the contexts in which the infinitive is used (a verb, a noun, an adjective). A polychrome tree grammar representation makes it possible to test this formalism and demonstrates the benefits of separating the syntactic function of each category. One can thus explain the cases in which the component of a non-nominal category performs a role generally performed by a noun.
Finally, this work on the syntax of the infinitive, which revisits certain studies from traditional grammars, enriches the formalism constructed within the framework of computational linguistics.
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Submitted on : Sunday, January 20, 2008 - 4:40:14 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00208086, version 1

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Anne Lablanche. L'infinitif complément d'un verbe, d'un adjectif, d'un nom. Ecriture d'un fragment de grammaire. Linguistique. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00208086⟩

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