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Pour une didactique de l'esprit critique - Zététique et utilisation des interstices pseudoscientifiques dans les médias

Abstract : This work is based on the already well known report that critical skills that may be solicited by an individual to distinguish between science and pseudosciences, are not correlated on his level of studies.
The defended assumption is that the part played by the media in the transformation and the scenarisation of the knowledge is as much a role of manufacture of the average scientific culture as a role of marker of the most current ambigüities about the question of the scientific method.
On the basis of the concept of pseudoscientific pitfall in the transposition of the scientific knowledge, the zetetic method was largely put at contribution to work out a panoply of exploitable tools with students, on the simple basis of the most accessible mediatic supports.
If there was some discussion in the first part about taking the inescapable philosophical and epistemological precautions of the scientific method — materialism, rationalism and skepticism especially — and making them teachable, the second part went deeper into specificities of the paranormal claims and fields known as pseudoscientific which as well provide current fantastical settings in scene of knowledge as, pushed to extreme, horrendous alienations.
The third part was tried to give some elements of comprehension of the stakes of the scientific popularization in a commercial media context, with the description of some of the media constraints being exerted on the knowledge which go until sometimes denaturing it.
Finally the fourth part, based on the most common popularization supports, draws up a semiology of specific tools to prevent those pseudoscientific pitfalls, whenever they take of the lexical, rhetoric, argumentative or scenaristic form.
In addition to being critical conceptual objects, these tools have the specificity of being taught and revised in situ, during four years of critical thinking teachings in the University Joseph Fourier, Grenoble 1, to students from the three university cycles, and from various fields.
They provide a range of didactic sequences easily workable for any teacher aware of as well the scientific, medical and citizen necessity to spread among student modes of an intellectual self-defence toward pseudoscientific, pseudomedical and spiritualistic enticements that may befall them.
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Contributor : Richard Monvoisin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 18, 2008 - 11:15:18 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 4:53:28 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 13, 2010 - 7:02:32 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00207746, version 1



Richard Monvoisin. Pour une didactique de l'esprit critique - Zététique et utilisation des interstices pseudoscientifiques dans les médias. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00207746⟩



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