L'expérience de mobilité des étudiants ERASMUS :
les usages inégalitaires d'un programme d' « échange ». Une comparaison Angleterre/ France/ Italie

Abstract : Student migrations in Europe are not a new phenomenon. Yet the Erasmus programme has created a type of mobility which has had insequences on European higher education systems and on countries resorting to specific selective, productive and integrative practices. Beyond the students' widely expressed satisfaction in the programme, a closer analysis of the paths of student movements in the three countries which saw the birth of universities (Italy, France and England) enables us to question the stratification and democratization of education systems. In the first part of the thesis, we show that the Erasmus program has not attained its official goal of reciprocity of exchanges. Thus, Europe's Higher Education institutions are structured according to an unequal order of prestige between establishments and more largely between cultural areas. To a certain degree this order also impacts the social morphology of a student population which displays rapid scholar trajectories and a rich migratory past. In today's mass university, institutionalised mobility appears as a means to stand out. In the second part of the thesis, we analyse the plural Erasmus experiences. Even if the sharing the same status homogenises behaviours to a certain degree, the Erasmus students still form a fractionalised body of ‘privileged foreigners', evolving in differentiated institutional circuits. In the third part, we show that the international doesn't abolish the national, just as the increase of movements doesn't abolish the economic and social inequalities in Europe. From southern to northern Europe, the mobility programs are not invested with the same stakes. Thus the Erasmus programme and in a larger sense, education itself, are also vectors of power relations external to Higher Education institutions.
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Magali Ballatore. L'expérience de mobilité des étudiants ERASMUS :
les usages inégalitaires d'un programme d' « échange ». Une comparaison Angleterre/ France/ Italie. Sociologie. Université d'Aix-Marseille I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00204795⟩

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