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Les fictions utopiques pendant la Révolution française : enquête sur les interactions entre réalité révolutionnaire et modèles politiques imaginaires

Abstract : The present work purports to demonstrate that utopian fictions were successful during the French Revolution, even if critical literature did not acknowledge that success. The analysis, based on a corpus of fifty five works, bears on the various aesthetic and political stakes involved in the recourse to utopias. Utopian fictions, as testament to the cultural and political crisis of the times, are marked by the diversity, relativity and perfectibility of the ideal societies they imagine. The characteristic of French Revolution utopias is to reduce the gap between the ideal world presented in fiction and contemporary society. But though utopian writers resort to fiction to represent the French Revolution, they nevertheless offer fully-fledged political models. They set out reflections on the foundations of ideal society, and they meditate over the best form of government possible, which should be able to safeguard political liberty while reconciling legal and practical equality. The dissertation finally investigates in what ways that utopian imagination might have influenced revolutionary beliefs and mindsets. Some utopian writers wished to see their social models realized. The revolutionary context, more than ever, encouraged people to think that such desires were possible.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00204479
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Submitted on : Monday, January 14, 2008 - 3:37:02 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 26, 2018 - 3:34:35 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 13, 2010 - 5:33:14 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00204479, version 1

Citation

Anne-Rozenn Morel. Les fictions utopiques pendant la Révolution française : enquête sur les interactions entre réalité révolutionnaire et modèles politiques imaginaires. Littératures. Université Rennes 2, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00204479⟩

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