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L'engagement du roman à l'épreuve de l'histoire en France et en Italie au milieu et à la fin du vingtième siècle

Abstract : We intent to elaborate a new definition of the "engagement littéraire" concept, confronting it to two specific periods (in the aftermath of World War II and at the end of the Twentieth century, after the fall of the Berlin Wall) and based on a corpus of French and Italian novelists: A. Camus, J.-P. Sartre, I. Calvino and E. Vittorini for the first covered period; P. Modiano, O.Rolin, A. Volodine, E. De Luca and A. Tabucchi for the second one. We are proposing a new definition of "engagement littéraire" since we are considering it in a new light which is tightly connected with the so-called notion of regime of historicity, introduced by François Hartog. Our hypothesis is that the novelist's engagement does not rely on a political content or a demonstrative style, but consists mainly in the way the novel itself reflects and puts into question its own situation in History and its connection with History. Therefore, the "roman engagé", which should not be mistaken with the thesis novel, should be associated with the modem regime of historicity, itself based on the conception of a linear and progressive History that turns toward the future. Moreover, contemporary novels should be inscribed within a new temporal regime, called "présentiste", in which the present and the sense of a debt to the past (of remembrance) and to the future (of a patrimony to preserve and to pass on) predominate. In both cases, the novels collected in our corpus lead to a problematization of the regimes of historicity, more than to a simple reproduction of them.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 14, 2008 - 2:27:06 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00204418, version 1


Sylvie Servoise-Vicherat. L'engagement du roman à l'épreuve de l'histoire en France et en Italie au milieu et à la fin du vingtième siècle. Littératures. Université Rennes 2, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00204418⟩



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