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Des rhétoriques coloniales à celles du développement : archéologie discursive d'une dominance

Abstract : My thesis addresses the discursive modalities of ‘the change within continuity' that characterises Franco-African relations. I analyse the recomposition of colonial rhetorics into development rhetorics through the rephrasing phenomena of linguistic forms, which at the same time render this ‘specific dominance relationship' and take part in constructing it.

Whilst the discourses of researchers in social sciences and human sciences provide us with preliminary observatories, the analysis of lexicographic and encyclopaedic discourses offers memory archives. Such resources help us in giving a comprehensive overview of what cover, in the present day, the notions of colonization, civilizing progress, and development.

Based on a progressive reading of several theories of discourse and linguistic categorisation, we set down, as an hypothetical, a group of discursive configurations and their transformation in the course of historical events. These hypotheses are put to the test in a corpus study of some hundred texts from the 18th~century up to nowadays: texts about progress in the Age of Enlightenment, economy and anthropology as well as texts on the colonisation and the development of Africa around Mali.

Analysing the enunciative organisation of successive stages of discourse, the repetitions and transformations that can be found help the picking out of several markers of interdiscourse. These markers bind the texts together, in the discursive depth, and contribute to the construction of objects and practices specific to discursive formation.

I am then able to highlight some processes of discursive production/reproduction of a western dominant and normative ‘type' facing a double alterity : both within (in a symmetrical relationship) and outside the category (stereotypes and complementary relationships). Ultimately, the various markers that make up the notions, types and alterities enable us to approach the discursive functioning of the ideology structuring the dominance relationship.
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Contributor : Françoise Dufour <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 7, 2008 - 4:31:36 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 9:52:11 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 13, 2010 - 4:38:44 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00202672, version 1



Françoise Dufour. Des rhétoriques coloniales à celles du développement : archéologie discursive d'une dominance. Linguistique. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00202672⟩



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