Abstract : This work presents two studies based on the experimental von Karman flow.
On the one side, we compare theoritical predictions obtained in the ideal case of a statistical mechanics derived for inviscid force-free axisymmetric flows to Stereoscopic Particule Imaging Velocimetry (SPIV) measurements. We get global relations characterizing the system's steady states and showing a tendency to velocity-vorticity alignement at high Reynolds numbers.
On the other side, in the VKS collaboration, we study dynamo action in an unconstrained liquid sodium flow. This effet is an instability which is assumed to be responsible for astrophysic object's magnetic fields, the Earth's one for example. The VKS2 experiment has demonstrated for the first time a dynamo action leading to a wide variety of time-dependent dynamics: steady states, oscillations, intermittency and even randomly switching behaviours close to Earth's magnetic field are presented. We show that these different dynamics can be classified with respect to the experiment's Rossby number. We underline the links existing between hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic bifurcations.