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Dynamique des processus d'adaptation des détenus au milieu carcéral

Abstract : Studies on the adaptive processes of prisoners to incarceration, seldom approach social and psychological dimensions together. This research, which rests on various interview protocols of prisoners met in detention centres, measures the dynamics of these processes, by considering both the cultural and subcultural characteristics of the environment and the personality of the prisoner. At first, this relationship was explored on the basis of the experience of prison violence. From these results, a typology emerged, differentiating the prisoners according to their attitudes, their opinions or their values in regards to other prisoners or penitentiary personnel. These idealtypes proposed various modes of carceral socialization and degree of implication in violence. It was thus possible to determine that the mode of socialization depended on the type of detention, the length of imprisonment, the number of imprisonments or the type of offence. A third study proposed to compare these adaptive modes according to personality traits. It appeared that the adaptive strategies were in coherence with those which were already found in other life contexts. Scores on a psychopathy scale indicated a strong association with disciplinary problems and various forms of self or other directed aggresion. From these results, it should thus be possible to predict behavioral problems in carceral institutions according to a combination of historical, psychological or sociodemographic factors.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 18, 2007 - 4:49:34 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 11:06:49 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00199248, version 1


Manuel Cabelguen. Dynamique des processus d'adaptation des détenus au milieu carcéral. Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00199248⟩



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