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Essais sur les méthodes d'analyse des variations de la pauvreté

Abstract : Poverty reduction has become the main objective of development policy. However, analysing tools for the proposition of efficient “pro-poor” policy recommendations can be seen as incomplete or questionable. This PhD dissertation is a technical and normative analysis of the methods used to decompose monetary poverty variations into components that are respectively associated with growth and changes in inequality. Chapters 1 to 3 deal with methodological issues related to the computation of growth and inequality elasticities of poverty. The chapter 1 is a critical review of the different approaches presented in the literature, namely the “accounting”, the “analytical” and the econometric approaches. We emphasize in chapter 2 the crucial role of distributive hypotheses involved in the computation of growth and inequality elasticities of poverty when only grouped data are available. In chapter 3, we explicitely define a general family of Lorenz-curve transformations designed fot the estimation of inequality elasticities of poverty. Finally, the last chapter is an attempt to shed light on the ethical dimension of the analytical framework used for the decomposition of poverty variations into its growth and inequality effects.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 13, 2007 - 4:23:26 PM
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Florent Bresson. Essais sur les méthodes d'analyse des variations de la pauvreté. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00196851⟩

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