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Une démarche top-down / bottom-up pour l'évaluation en termes multicritères et multi-acteurs des projets miniers dans l'optique du développement durable. Application sur les mines d'Uranium d'Arlit (Niger)

Abstract : This thesis aims to appraise the relevance of using an hybrid top-down / bottom-up approach to evaluate mining projects in the perspective of sustainable develompent. With the advent of corporate social responsibility and sustainable development concepts, new social expectations have appeared towards companies that go beyond a sole requirement of profit-earning capacity. If companies do not answer to these expectations, they risk to lose their social legitimacy. Traditionally associated with social, environmental, economical and political impacts and risks, mining activity is particularly concerned by these new issues. Whereas mineral resources needs have never been so high, mining companies are now expected to limit their negative effects and to take into account their different audiences' expectations in order to define, together, the terms of their social license to operate. Considering the diversity of issues, scales, actors and contexts, the challenge is real and necessitates tools to better understand issues and to structure dialogues. Based on the Uranium mines of Arlit (Niger) case study, this work shows that associating participatory approaches to structuration tools and literature propositions, appears as an efficient formula to better organise issues diversity and to build a structured dialogue between mining companies and their stakeholders. First Part aims to present the theoretical, institutional and sectorial contexts of the thesis. Second Part exposes work and results of the evaluation carried out in Niger. And, Third Part, shows the conclusions that can be derived from this work and presents a proposal for an evaluation framework, potentially applicable to other mining sites.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00194445
Contributor : Aurélie Chamaret <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 6, 2007 - 3:34:40 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:42:44 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 12, 2010 - 6:27:15 AM

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Chamaret Aurélie. Une démarche top-down / bottom-up pour l'évaluation en termes multicritères et multi-acteurs des projets miniers dans l'optique du développement durable. Application sur les mines d'Uranium d'Arlit (Niger). Economies et finances. Université de Versailles-Saint Quentin en Yvelines, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00194445⟩

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