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L'accès à l'eau des citadins pauvres : entre régulations marchandes et régulations communautaires (Kenya, Tanzanie, Zambie)

Abstract : In Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), Nairobi (Kenya) and Lusaka (Zambia), the urban sprawl has always been faster than the conventional water supply, from the “water apartheid”, at the colonial time, up to the post-independence public management period. For the Urban Poor, in the neo-liberal reforms imposed by international donors since the 1990's, access to water means alternative solutions compliant to the user-pays principle so as to the multiplicity of technical standards (as shown by the household enquiries led by the author). At the same time, following the same tendency, regulatory systems have diversified, from economic regulation to community governance. Their legitimacy as providers being at stake, Local and National Authorities attempt to find their place as regulator, though facing the multiplication of actors (like user associations and NGOs involved in water supply) and the heritage of fragmented urban governance.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00194126
Contributor : Anne Bousquet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 5, 2007 - 5:03:42 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 10:21:20 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 12, 2010 - 6:16:01 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00194126, version 1

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Anne Bousquet. L'accès à l'eau des citadins pauvres : entre régulations marchandes et régulations communautaires (Kenya, Tanzanie, Zambie). Géographie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00194126⟩

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