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MATERNITÉS EN INDE DU SUD,
DES SAVOIRS AUTOUR DE LA NAISSANCE AU TEMPS DU SIDA

Abstract : The objective of this PhD dissertation is to present an anthropology of knowledge around birth in contemporary India and in the context of HIV/Aids. The first part is concerned with various aspects of birth in an untouchable community living in a village around Pondicherry (Tamil Nadu, South India). The main goal is to study the social organization of this community related to the event of procreation, pregnancy and delivery. Secondly, we will present two studies related to the traditional birth attendants (TBA). Two biographies of TBAs will point out how those women transform their medical practices in order to fit in with the modern context of birth care shaped by the biomedical system. Then, we will present some sanitary, social and political aspects of the TBA training in India. The third part presents an ethnography of birth in the biomedical context. We will see how the biomedical governmental institution aims to implement “birth control”. In the fourth part, we will address the medical, social and political issues of HIV Mother-To-Child Transmission (HIV MTCT) in the considered contexts. We will describe the implementation of HIV Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV programme activities. Then a sociocultural epidemiology of HIV MTCT will point out the various factors related to the infection of babies of mothers living with HIV/Aids. Finally, we will discuss the theoretical concept of “authoritative knowledge” (Jordan; 1978) in the context of contemporary India facing HIV/Aids.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00193296
Contributor : Pascale Hancart Petitet <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 3, 2007 - 11:40:51 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:42:37 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 12, 2010 - 5:50:20 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00193296, version 1

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Pascale Hancart Petitet. MATERNITÉS EN INDE DU SUD,
DES SAVOIRS AUTOUR DE LA NAISSANCE AU TEMPS DU SIDA. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université de droit, d'économie et des sciences - Aix-Marseille III, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00193296⟩

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