Juger en justice : influence de la mise en récit des conclusions du juge d'instruction sur les jugements judiciaires

Abstract : The Story Model of juror decision making (Pennington & Hastie, 1993) argues that jurors' verdicts are determined by a logic of story reconstruction of evidence. Developed in a North-American judiciary procedural context, this model has received empirical supports through experimental methodology reflecting the adversarial justice system. The aim of the present work is to examine the story model on jurors' judgments construction inserted in the French inquisitorial system. This latter can be distinguished by the fact that it implies a pretrial investigation conducted by a judge in an impartial stance. The reading of the pre-trial judge's conclusion, recorded in an order, is the first information jurors are confronted to during the trial. Thus, the information organisation of the pre trial judge's order can be decisive in jurors' judgment construction. First, an analysis of the organisationnal pattern and discursive style of a judge's orders corpus show a fairly important variability in the evidence report. Then, a research program of six experiments was carried out to test the hypothesis about the consequences of information organisation in judges' order. Results are opposite to the pattern predicted by the Story Model. Therefore, more specific conditions were determined the predictive validity of the story model in an inquisitorial procedural context. In a more widely perspective, this work questions the adaptation of psychological models between different judicial systems and culture.
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Psychology. Université Rennes 2, 2007. French


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Submitted on : Thursday, November 22, 2007 - 5:09:41 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 22, 2007 - 5:38:56 PM

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Rafaele Dumas. Juger en justice : influence de la mise en récit des conclusions du juge d'instruction sur les jugements judiciaires. Psychology. Université Rennes 2, 2007. French. <tel-00189949>

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