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Approche phonologique, morphologique et syntaxique du breton du Grand Lorient (basvannetais)

Abstract : This work is a structural description of the phonology, morphology and syntax of Lower Vannetais Breton dialect in Greater Lorient. Our study is based on a corpus of about forty hours of recorded conversations with 19 Breton native speakers who were born in the communes of Lorient, Caudan, Ploemeur, Quéven or Guidel. We got a part of these recordings from Radio-Bro-Gwened, and we have done the other part, during several field surveys. This dialect has never been studied in detail so far : the only information can be found in the linguistic atlases. First of all we have studied the phonology of the dialect through an inventory of its phonemes. Then we have looked into the phonological alternations, so to say the initial mutations. Lorient area Breton has a mutation system that is far more complex and extended than the other Celtic languages in general. In morphology we have noticed that the direct object pronouns were classified in four different series, according to the form of the verb that goes with them, which is a typological rarity. Verbal morphology has also many differences in comparison with the other Breton dialects. Finally we have tried to describe the main aspects of the syntax of this dialect, emphasizing the verb ‘to be' and the complex structures (complementation, relativisation). As a conclusion, we have put the stress on the fact that linguistic recording campaigns are very urgent in Breton-speaking Brittany, in regard to the age of the majority of Breton native speakers, and to the extent of the work that has still to be done.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 6, 2007 - 10:17:00 AM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 12:02:18 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 5:20:29 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00189941, version 2


Loïc Cheveau. Approche phonologique, morphologique et syntaxique du breton du Grand Lorient (basvannetais). Linguistique. Université Rennes 2, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00189941v2⟩



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