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Prévention de la transmission du VIH par l'allaitement maternel à Abidjan en Côte d'Ivoire. Le projet ANRS 1201/1202 Ditrame Plus

Abstract : Breastfeeding is responsible for one third to half of perinatally acquired HIV infections in Africa. Besides antiretroviral-based interventions to reduce the risk of postnatal HIV transmission, different nutritional approaches are conceivable in modifying infant feeding practices such as complete avoidance of breastfeeding in urban settings or shortening the breastfeeding period. These interventions were evaluated within the Ditrame Plus cohort study, conducted in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire between 2001 and 2005. This strategy of reduction of HIV transmission through breastmilk was acceptable, safe and effective in our context. We have discussed the public health implications of our results in pointing out the difficulties linked to the operational implementation of these interventions. We have also proposed situations where this implementation could be a reality in Africa.
Keywords : HIV breastfeeding Africa
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00189926
Contributor : Renaud Becquet <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 22, 2007 - 4:39:46 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 29, 2017 - 2:54:55 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 12, 2010 - 3:17:46 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00189926, version 1

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Renaud Becquet. Prévention de la transmission du VIH par l'allaitement maternel à Abidjan en Côte d'Ivoire. Le projet ANRS 1201/1202 Ditrame Plus. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. Université Victor Segalen - Bordeaux II, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00189926⟩

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