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Processus ponctuels marqués pour l'extraction automatique de caricatures de bâtiments à partir de modèles numériques d'élévation

Mathias Ortner 1
1 ARIANA - Inverse problems in earth monitoring
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , Laboratoire I3S - SIS - Signal, Images et Systèmes
Abstract : The context of this thesis is the reconstruction of urban areas from images. It proposes a set of algorithms for extracting simple shapes from Digital Elevation Models (DEM). DEMs describe the altimetry of an urban area by a grid of points, each of which has a height associated to it. The proposed models are based on marked point processes. These mathematical objects are random variables whose realizations are configurations of geometrical shapes. Using these processes, we can introduce constraints on the shape of the objects to be detected in an image, and a regularizing term incorporating geometrical interactions between objects. An energy can be associated to each object configuration, and the global minima of this energy can then be found by applying simulated annealing to a Reversible Jump Monte Carlo Markov Chain sampler (RJMCMC). We propose four different models for extracting the outlines of buildings from altimetric descriptions of dense urban areas. Each of these models is constructed from an object shape, a data energy, and a regularizing energy. The first two models extract simple shapes (rectangles) using, respectively, a homogeneity constraint and discontinuity detection. The third model looks for three-dimensional polyhedral buildings. The last model uses cooperation between two types of objects, rectangles and segments. The resulting algorithms are evaluated on real data provided by the French National Geographic Institute (a laser DEM and optical DEMs of differing quality).
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Mathias Ortner. Processus ponctuels marqués pour l'extraction automatique de caricatures de bâtiments à partir de modèles numériques d'élévation. Automatique / Robotique. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2004. Français. ⟨tel-00189803⟩

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