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Loyautés incertaines. Les travailleurs du bâtiment entre discrimination et précarité

Abstract : This research aims at analysing how much work is weighed down with contradictions based on the case of the building trade in the area of Paris. 1/- Work as a good: the labour force is sold and it becomes a full-fledged good that can be separated from the individual.2/- However , it remains impossible to view work as a regular product. The Labour force is still inevitably linked to the individual. Workers cannot be interchangeable suppliers. The purely contractual dimension of the wage earning always comes with the granting of a status, even an implicit one. That status sets the labour force supply, the quality of work as well as the loyalty of workers. Nevertheless, the status granted to workers in the building trade is not even. On the contrary, whereas general guarantees of wage earning are reduced, the status of workers varies. They are locally reinvented and due to personal bonds, and sometimes they are linked to ethnicity. Therefore, the means according to which a worker "disappears" or "appears" as a person must be connected to the conditions of production, which leads to the present argument: the building sector has to avoid the counterproductive risks due to the merchandization of work, where the supply of the labour force relies only on discipline (field supervision, employment statuses, unemployment, residence conditions...) It gives rise to different forms of protections which are exceptional, local and informal and lead to loyalties way beyond the work contract. These protections appear out of individual allegiances, ethnic preferences and racist discriminations (valorizing some individuals implies depreciating others). The path between one protection to the other is ensured by co-option recruitment.
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Contributor : Nicolas Jounin <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 26, 2007 - 8:33:46 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:24:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, September 24, 2012 - 2:40:10 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00182439, version 1


Nicolas Jounin. Loyautés incertaines. Les travailleurs du bâtiment entre discrimination et précarité. Sociologie. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00182439⟩



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