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Effets de la température sur les mécanismes l'interaction entre les ions europium (III) et uranyle et le diphosphate de zirconium.

Abstract : Temperature should remain higher than 25°C in the near field environment of a nuclear waste repository for thousands years. In this context, the aim of this work is to study the temperature influence on the interaction mechanisms between europium (III) and uranyl ions and zirconium diphosphate, as well as the influence of a complexing medium (nitrate) on the sorption of the lanthanide. The experimental definition of the equilibria was achieved by combining a structural investigation with the macroscopic sorption data. Surface complexes were characterized at all temperatures (25°C to 90°C) by TRLFS experiments carried out on dry and in situ samples using an oven. This characterization was completed by XPS experiments carried out at 25°C on samples prepared at 25°C and 90°C. The reaction constants (surface hydration and cations sorption) were obtained by simulating the experimental data with the constant capacitance surface complexation model. The reaction constants temperature dependency allowed one to characterize thermodynamically the different reactions by application of the van't Hoff relation. The validity of this law was tested by performing microcalorimetric measurements of the sorption heat for both cations.
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Contributor : Nicolas Finck <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 19, 2007 - 8:12:07 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 4:08:29 PM

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Nicolas Finck. Effets de la température sur les mécanismes l'interaction entre les ions europium (III) et uranyle et le diphosphate de zirconium.. Analyse de données, Statistiques et Probabilités [physics.data-an]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00180407⟩

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