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Theses

L'anticipation d'arrondissement vocalique et le Modèle d'Expansion du Mouvement
Deux extensions : du français à l'anglais et de l'adulte à l'enfant

Abstract : Anticipatory motor control is a ubiquitous benefit for behavioural efficiency. In speech its coarticulatory aspect is the glue within syllable components, in-between syllables and words. For more than 40 years two main anticipation models have been rivalling on different languages, mainly on the visible lip rounding anticipation of vowels, without a winner. Which led finally to a compromise such as: a time-locked model for English vs. a look-ahead for French, Swedish, etc. The Movement Expansion Model elaborated at the beginning of the 90's for French predicts a lawful anticipation extent ahead of the vowel target, along a VCnV transition, at a speaker-specific rate. The main claim of this thesis is that the testing of the models has focussed on the wrong (the least robust) parameter, namely lip protrusion for rounding. When tested on lip area control, English speakers join French speakers in a regular speaker-specific MEM behaviour. Children also do so and quite early, since we found no one who acquired this regular MEM behaviour later than 5;6 years, and we could attest the attunement of this lip behaviour as early as 3;6. Hence the Movement Expansion Model seems to be the only one to reconcile a universal speech motor behaviour principle with a speaker-specific parameterization.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00180059
Contributor : Aude Noiray <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 17, 2007 - 3:37:58 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 7, 2020 - 11:40:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, April 11, 2010 - 9:57:03 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00180059, version 1

Citation

Aude Noiray. L'anticipation d'arrondissement vocalique et le Modèle d'Expansion du Mouvement
Deux extensions : du français à l'anglais et de l'adulte à l'enfant. Linguistique. Université Stendhal - Grenoble III, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00180059⟩

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