Analyse formelle et conceptuelle des formes verbales du français contemporain : A la croisée du passé simple et de l'imparfait, du futur et du conditionnel, les concepts "+/-potentiel" et "+/-défini".

Abstract : A formal analysis of the verbal endings in the indicative mode draws special attention to the combination of two morphemes, [Ø/(±R)] and [Ø/(ai/a)]. Thus, the conditional and future tenses differ from the other indicative tenses in that they share the +R morpheme – and it can be postulated that it is also shared by the infinitive. Furthermore, they differ from one another in the opposition between ai and a, which also differentiates the imperfect tense from the past historic when it is combined with the morpheme –R. This statement sheds light on the relationship between the various indicative “tenses”. Indeed, taking into account a further opposition allows the predominance of temporality in analyses of “tenses” in the indicative to be questioned while focusing on the deconstruction of the value combinations. Thus, the analysis allows the diversity of meanings to be accounted for and at the same time avoids a too large panel of temporal, modal or aspectual explanations according to the context.
The first part of the doctoral thesis turns on the relationship between the morphological analysis and the various formal studies that have been undertaken on the future and the conditional tenses.
In a second part, in a confrontation with the already existing conceptual studies on the infinitive, the past historic, the imperfect tense, the future and the conditional, we will explore the semantic side of the hypothesis that states that there is a combination of a ±R morpheme with an ai/a morpheme. Such a hypothesis compels us to characterize the semantic value of the ±R morpheme on the one hand – the ± potential concept will be associated with it – and on the other hand, to redefine the opposition between the imperfect tense and the past historic, since it is this very opposition that can be found in the future/conditional pair – the ± definite concept will then be suggested.
Taking into account the combination of the two semantic features enables us to undermine complexity in utterances whose richness is only equalled by their diversity.
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Marie-Armelle Camussi-Ni. Analyse formelle et conceptuelle des formes verbales du français contemporain : A la croisée du passé simple et de l'imparfait, du futur et du conditionnel, les concepts "+/-potentiel" et "+/-défini".. Linguistique. Université Rennes 2, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00179141⟩

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