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CHRONIQUE D'UNE CRISE AGRAIRE ANNONCÉE
Étude comparée des transformations des systèmes agraires et des dynamiques d'échanges transfrontaliers entre Haïti et la République Dominicaine - le cas de la filière banane plantain -

Abstract : This research has been focused on the comparative analysis of plantain bananas agrarian systems and marketing
methods in the Arcahaie of Haiti and in the Yaque del Sur valley of the Dominican Republic. Its aim was to analyse
historical process of development of the production systems in the two regions, in order to explain the specialization in the
bananas production. Those plains are the main supplying centres of Port -au-Prince for bananas plantain, a core product in
the food system of the two countries . Diagnostic analyses assessed from interviews in banana plantations and markets .
This study allowed analysing both the technical functioning and economical results of these production systems and the
marketing organisation to understand why the Dominican banana has been arriving cheaper on the Port-au-Prince's
markets, and competing the Haitian one since ten years.
Trade liberalization obviously played a major role for both regions in banana specialization. While the farming
systems focused on complex combinations of cultures and animal husbandry, opening economy led the peasants to
specialize into bananas production, by lack of other alternatives. The peasants simplified their farming systems that thus
became very vulnerable to the variations of the environment. Due to important land rents payments, plantain of the
Arcahaie is overpriced compared to the one of the valley. As retail merchants recover an equivalent percentage of the final
price of the bananas, despite a specific running of bananas production and related activities, Haitian bananas are less
competitive on the Haitian market than Dominican ones, which are coming from farming systems whose productivity levels are higher. Their confrontation has therefore induced a serious agrarian crisis.
This research enlighten therefore not only the question of the resolution of this unprecedented crisis in the agrarian history of those peasantries, but also the one of negative impacts of liberalization in agricultural trade.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00175787
Contributor : Sandrine Freguin - Gresh <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 1, 2007 - 12:59:03 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 27, 2020 - 9:58:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 9, 2010 - 4:53:37 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00175787, version 1

Citation

Sandrine Freguin - Gresh. CHRONIQUE D'UNE CRISE AGRAIRE ANNONCÉE
Étude comparée des transformations des systèmes agraires et des dynamiques d'échanges transfrontaliers entre Haïti et la République Dominicaine - le cas de la filière banane plantain -. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Institut national agronomique paris-grignon - INA P-G, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00175787⟩

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