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Organisation et conditions de la formation des doctorants dans le cadre de l'université française

Abstract : This research, refering to the theoretical framework of Pierre Bourdieu, shows that higher education can be considered as a “champ scientifique”, defined as a microcosm, relatively autonomous from the economic and social macrocosm, nevertheless strongly affected by its values and its evolution toward liberalism. This evolution is clearly perceveid in the structural reforms (contractualization, decentralization, increased autonomy...) inferred notably by the construction of the European Higher Education and Research Area. Higher education is structured in a hierarchy with dominating disciplines (mathematics, physique, chemistry...) at the center and, dominated disciplines (Social sciences and humanities) at the periphery This hierarchy can be observed directly in the doctoral programmes, which is the focus of this research : An investigation about the doctoral programmes at the University of Bourgogne, based on two surveys conducted among doctoral students and thesis supervisors in doctoral programms of this University, highlighted that habitus and professionnal socialization of doctoral students are very different according to the diciplinary fields, concerning the social and material conditions of work, the roles played by the actors, as well as the tools of the professional socialization- training of the doctoral students.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00172021
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 13, 2007 - 5:49:14 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:50:59 PM
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Thanaa Ghanem. Organisation et conditions de la formation des doctorants dans le cadre de l'université française. Education. Université de Bourgogne, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00172021⟩

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