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Transferts de traceur en milieu poreux consolidé et milieu poreux fissuré : Expérimentations et Modélisations

Abstract : We try to identify and model physical and chemical mechanisms governing the water flow and the solute transport in fractured consolidated porous medium.
An original experimental device was built. The “cube” consists of an idealized fractured medium reproduced by piling up consolidated porous cubes of 5 cm edge. Meanwhile, columns of the homogeneous consolidated porous medium are studied. The same anionic tracing technique is used in both cases. Using a system analysis approach, we inject concentration pulses in the device to obtain breakthrough curves. After identifying the mass balance and the residence time, we fit the CD and the MIM models to the experimental data.
The MIM model is able to reproduce experimental curves of the homogeneous consolidated porous medium better than the CD model. The mobile water fraction is in accordance with the porous medium geometry. The study of the flow rate influence highlights an interference dispersion regime. It was not possible to highlight the observation length influence in this case.
On the contrary, we highlight the effect of the observation scale on the fractured and porous medium, comparing the results obtained on a small “cube” and a big “cube”. The CD model is not satisfactory in this case. Even if the MIM model can fit the experimental breakthrough curves, it was not possible to obtain unique parameters for the set of experiments.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00169278
Contributor : Céline Dalla Costa <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 3, 2007 - 11:09:05 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 3:54:29 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, September 24, 2012 - 12:00:51 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00169278, version 1

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Céline Dalla Costa. Transferts de traceur en milieu poreux consolidé et milieu poreux fissuré : Expérimentations et Modélisations. Géochimie. Université Joseph-Fourier - Grenoble I, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00169278⟩

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