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Une conduite révolutionnaire, ou Action et Réflexion chez Henri Grégoire de 1789 à 1831

Abstract : This document proposes a bearing examination on printed works of the GREGOIRE abbot, as well as on his news, and it shows also a good knowledge of the abundant literature devoted to the constitutional bishop of Blois. The plan of the thesis treats political activities, religious and philanthropic of GREGOIRE of 1775 to 1831. In political matters, the author shows the undeniable influence exerted as well by Montesquieu as by Rousseau on the priest of Emberménil, but also the will of GREGOIRE to make pass in the institutions and the facts the ideas of the philosophers; testifying thus that it belongs to the generation known as of the “second lights”. Its oratorical talent as its personal courage made it possible GREGOI RE to play a considerable part in the revolutionary assemblies, although it did not have the political scale of a SIEYES or a MIRABEAU. On the ecclesiastical level, GREGOIRE, whose solid sacerdotal vocation will cross intact the revolutionary upheaval and whose dignity of life will be recognized by all - is a convinced Galician which accepts without difficulties the civil Constitution of the clergy and which believes sincerely in the future of the constitutional Church. It is one of the pillars of this one and will adopt at the time of the serious difficulties which will attack it an attitude of most courageous. Partisan initially of a Church of State, GREGOIRE, of which the ecclesiastical thought is not free from some undulations, is a solved and irreducible adversary of the Legal settlement for nobler reasons besides than TAYLLERAND and FOUCHE. GREGOIRE, names political, man of the church, historian to the untiring feather, is finally, and I will say perhaps especially, a convinced philanthropist who will devote himself inlassablement in favour of certain individuals that it regards as excluded from the company of his time: Jews and coloured men.
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Contributor : Claude Marion <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 23, 2007 - 5:34:35 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 12:16:56 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 8, 2010 - 9:25:56 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00167936, version 1



Claude Marion. Une conduite révolutionnaire, ou Action et Réflexion chez Henri Grégoire de 1789 à 1831. Droit. Université Jean Moulin - Lyon III, 1976. Français. ⟨tel-00167936⟩



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