De la dynamique naturelle à la gestion intégrée de l'espace littoral :un itinéraire de géographe

Abstract : This essay deals with a particular area, the coastal zone, an interface between earth and sea, nature and societies, policies and practices. From a global geographic analysis, integrating "physical " and " human" approaches, three topics are developed: natural environments, risks of erosion and implementation of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in France, with a detailed analysis of the responses to call for proposals from the DATAR and the General Secretary of the Sea in 2005.
The particular characteristics of the coastal zone, which is both attractive and constraining, induce specific questionings: what is the place of natural coastal sites and how can we guarantee their sustainable protection with respect to ethical issues? How, on the long term, can be managed the risks associated with coastline variability, which may questioned some previous planning decisions as well as present projects? In a more global way, how can we assess the dangers and benefits of the "new policy of the coast "? This also raises the question to what extend the decentralization can be applied to the management of nature and risks, which above all concern the general interests? What could be an ideal balance between global and local and how ICZM can reconciliate these two scales?
The academic geographer can contribute to highlight these issues through observation and analyses, considering contributions from other branch of learning, always keeping in mind the complexity of the field and by exchanging information with the "practitioners", managers, representatives and users.
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Habilitation à diriger des recherches
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Catherine Meur-Ferec. De la dynamique naturelle à la gestion intégrée de l'espace littoral :un itinéraire de géographe. Géographie. Université de Nantes, 2006. ⟨tel-00167784⟩

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