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Theses

Comportements d'agents, interaction sociale et processus économiques : le cas de la tradition théorique autrichienne

Abstract : Our thesis of history of the economic analysis concerns the taking into account of the individual economic behaviours in the Austrian theoretical tradition, through the work, essentially, of C.Menger, F.Wieser, J.A.Schumpeter, F.A.Hayek and L.Von Mises. Our study initially establishes the original features of this tradition, in the field of the treatment of the concept of economic agent. Thus, one of the major elements characterizing the Austrian approach is the study of the behaviors, through the analysis between the individual behaviors and the social interactions, by the means of the social rules and the organizations. Our thesis then aims at analyzing how this tradition could reveal two forms different of rationality, one characteristic of innovating behaviors, the other of mimetic behaviors and/or creatures of habit. In the studied Austrian authors, the interactions between these two typical forms of behavior are at the origin of the explanation of the emergence of the institutions or economic dynamics. Lastly, our study up to what point analyzes this distinction between two types of rationality can make it possible to clarify the problems of creation and diffusion of the technological innovations within the modern economies. It shows in particular that technical progress does not answer only one purely economic efficiency or a logic of selection, but also depends on the installation of institutions. Our work thus exceeds the framework of the only history of the economic thinking, since it has outlets in the fields of the economy of the knowledge and the economy of the innovation.
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Submitted on : Saturday, August 18, 2007 - 2:10:47 PM
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Abdelaziz Berkane. Comportements d'agents, interaction sociale et processus économiques : le cas de la tradition théorique autrichienne. Economies et finances. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00167306⟩

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