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Ultracold Lithium-6 Atoms in the BEC-BCS Crossover: Experiments and the Construction of a New Apparatus

Abstract : We use a fermionic gas of Lithium-6 as a model system to study superfluidity. The limiting cases of superfludity are Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) and superconductivity, described by the theory by Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer (BCS). In Lithium-6 gases, we can explore the whole range between the two cases, known as the BEC-BCS crossover, using a Feshbach resonance. We study the change of the momentum distribution of the gas in this crossover and compare to theoretical models. We also investigate the hydrodynamic expansion, characteristic for a superfluid gas. We observe a sudden change of the ellipticity of the gas close to the transition to the superfluid phase. Moreover, we localized heteronuclear Feshbach resonances between Li-6 and Li-7. We are currently constructing a second generation of the experimental setup. An new laser system, based on high power laser diodes, was developed. Changes in the vacuum chamber, including a complete reconstruction of the Zeeman slower, have increased the atomic flux, allowing us to increase the repetition rate of our experiment. Modifications of the geometry of the magnetic traps lead to a higher number of trapped atoms.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00167274
Contributor : Martin Teichmann <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 27, 2007 - 7:16:08 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 12:36:18 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 6:49:55 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00167274, version 4

Citation

Martin Teichmann. Ultracold Lithium-6 Atoms in the BEC-BCS Crossover: Experiments and the Construction of a New Apparatus. Condensed Matter [cond-mat]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2007. English. ⟨tel-00167274v4⟩

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