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Conception, Simulation et Realisation d'un processeur optoélectronique pour la reconstruction d'images médicales.

Abstract : Optical processing can be used to speed up some algorithms of image reconstruction from tomodensitometric data provided by volume exploration systems. This may be of high interest in order to meet the needs of future assisted therapy systems. Two systems are described in this document, corresponding to the two main steps of the above mentioned algorithms: a filtering processor and a backprojection processor. They are first considered under a material point of view. Whatever function it may compute, an optical processor is made up of light sources, displays and cameras. Present state-of-the-art devices highlight a weakness in display performances. Special attention has been focused on ferroelectric liquid crystal spatial light modulators (modelling, simulations, and characterizations of commercial solutions). The potential of optical architectures is compared with electronic solutions, considering computation power and processed image quality. This study has been carried out for both systems first in simulation, with a reliable model of the architecture, and then with an experimental prototype. The optical filtering processor does not give accurate results: the signal to noise ratio on the reconstructed image is about 20 dB in simulation (the model used does not take into account the majority of geometrical distortions) and experimental measurements show strong limitation, especially when considering the problem of image formation with coherent lighting (speckle). On the other hand, results obtained with the optical backprojection processor are most encouraging. The model, more complete and accurate than the filtering processor, as well as the simulations, shows that processed image quality can be virtually equivalent to the one obtained by digital means (signal to noise ratio is over 50 dB) with two order of magnitude speed-up. Results obtained with the experimental prototype are in accordance with simulations and confirm the potential held by the architecture. As an extension, a hybrid processor involving the backprojection processor for the computation of more complex reconstruction algorithms, e.g. ASSR for helical CT-scan, is proposed in the last part of the document.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 10, 2007 - 5:19:37 PM
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Morgan Madec. Conception, Simulation et Realisation d'un processeur optoélectronique pour la reconstruction d'images médicales.. Autre. Université Louis Pasteur - Strasbourg I, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00166879⟩

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